JPRAC

Journal of Pharmaceutical Research on Advanced Chemistry

(for innovative research)

ISSN: XXXX-1234

Study highlights marketed products containing GM material without official permits 

India’s food safety watchdog has pledged to expedite regulations around foods that contain material from genetically modified (GM) organisms, after a study revealed widespread illegal sale of such products. India’s food safety law bars companies from sellingGM products without an official permit. However, in the absence of a comprehensive regulatory mechanism, firms have been flouting the law.

The government says it will do more to protect federal scientists from political interference

The Canadian government has introduced a new model scientific integrity policy to protect its public sector scientists from political interference, and the country’s research community, including high-profile chemists, applaud the development.

On 25 July the European Court of Justice ruled that organisms obtained by gene editing techniques, such as Crispr, are in principle subject to the same regulations as genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

This was a surprise, given an opinion provided by its advocate general in January drew a clear line between mutagenesis, which changes an organism’s DNA, and transgenics, which introduces the DNA from another species.

So how does gene editing apply in agriculture, and what does the European Court of Justice ruling mean?

CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) is a very precise tool to edit DNA using an enzyme known as CRISPR Cas9: it allows genetic pieces to be chopped out or added in exactly where you want.

CRISPR has spread like wild fire in the last five years, both in academia and commercially, because it is more efficient and flexible than older DNA editing tools.

The court has been asked to clarify the scope of GMO regulations and whether they apply to gene editing. In a surprise move, it has ruled that they do – although techniques that have been used for a long time and have a proven safety record are exempt from the new rules.