JPRAC

Journal of Pharmaceutical Research on Advanced Chemistry

(for innovative research)

ISSN: XXXX-1234

CHEMISTRY FACTS

 

  • Diamond and graphite are both entirely made of carbon and nothing else
  • Dry ice referred as "cardice" and is the solid form of carbon dioxide.
  • Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature
  • People have been using copper for at least 10000 years
  • Xenon is used in photographic flashes, in high pressure arc lamps for motion picture projection, and in high pressure arc lamps to produce ultraviolet light. It is used in instruments for radiation detection, e.g., neutron and X-ray counters and bubble chambers.
  • Flavonoids are one of the reasons fruits and vegetables are so good for you. Among the many benefits attributed to flavonoids are reduced risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma, and stroke. But flavonoids go beyond the yeoman work of your average antioxidant.
  • The isomers of glucose contain the same molecules, but they are in two different arrangements that mirror each other - much like how your hands mirror each other. Dextrose is D-glucose and may be referred to as dextrose or glucose because dextrose is actually a form of glucose
  • The chemical used in voting inks is silver nitrate. Silver nitrate is preferred because it is soluble in water, and makes a inky black solution. When put on the skin, silver nitrate reacts with the salt present on it to form silver chloride
  • Biuret test. This test is used to detect the presence of peptide bond. When treated with copper sulphate solution in presence of alkali (NaOH or KOH), protein reacts with copper (II) ions to form a violet coloured complex called biuret
  •  Benzoic acid in the form of its sodium salt, constitutes one of the most common chemical food preservative. Sodium benzoate is a common preservativein acid or acidified foods such as fruit juices, syrups, jams and jellies, sauerkraut, pickles, preserves, fruit cocktails, etc.
 
  • PERC is a chemical known as perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylene. It's the solvent used by about 85% of U.S. dry cleaners, but is also used as a metal degreaser and in the production of many other chemicals. PERC is found in the air, in drinking water, and in soil. 
 
  • Aqua regia, is a corrosive reagent used to clean glassware and in gold refining processes. It is made by mixing nitric acid and hydrochloric acid in a 1:3 ratio. The name comes from the Latin 'royal water', as it can dissolve gold and platinum - medals associated with royalty.
 
  • Heavywater (deuterium oxide, 2H2O, D2O) is a form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium H or D, also known as heavy hydrogen), rather than the common hydrogen-1 isotope 1 H or H, also called protium) that makes up most of the hydrogen in normal water
 
  • Photographic fixer is a mix of chemicals used in the final step in the photographic processing of film or paper. The fixer stabilises the image, removing the unexposed silver halide remaining on the photographic film or photographic paper, leaving behind the reduced metallic silver that forms the image.